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Alberta Registered Apprenticeship Program

Apprenticeship combines on-the-job training under the supervision of a qualified tradesperson (journeyman) and classroom instruction at a post-secondary training establishment.

Apprenticeship is a partnership. An employer, through a journeyman, provides most of the training to the apprentice so he or she can learn the skills of the trade. To help this partnership along, Advanced Education and Career Development, an Alberta government department, registers the apprentice, offers advice if it's needed and monitors the apprentice's progress. The Department also arranges for the formal (classroom) instruction part of the process at the right training establishment for that particular trade.

The website listed below provides further information pertaining to registration, types of trades available, length of training period and possibilities available for registered apprentices.

Contact: Apprenticeship and Industry Training, Advanced Education and Career Development, 10155 102 St. , Edmonton, Alberta, T5J 4L5, Tel 403.427.8765 Fax 403.422.7376 Email aitinfo@aecd.gov.ab.ca Website http://www.tradesecrets.org


Alexandra Park Residents’ Association

Through the efforts of the residents’ association, Alexandra Park has undergone a transformation — from a centre for drug trafficking, where residents were plagued by crime and violence—to a vibrant cohesive community where residents of all ages are involved in community life.

The Alexandra Park Residents’ Association underwent an extensive reorganization in 1990, when local residents became fed up with the poor quality of life in their neighbourhood and began a series of initiatives toward renewal. A new association executive strengthened the association’s ties with other community organizations, seeking assistance from local politicians, schools, the police, the Metropolitan Toronto Housing Authority (MTHA), city departments, and other local agencies.

With the assistance of the MTHA and City of Toronto officials, the association removed walls and shrubs that hid drug dealers, and improved lighting in the community. The association worked with the police and the MTHA to evict tenants operating crack houses and to increase the frequency of patrols to discourage gangs of drug traffickers.

In addition to these enforcement measures, the association worked with the MTHA and the City of Toronto Mayor’s Task Force on Drugs to develop a prevention program for young people. Through this project, a youth co-ordinator worked with a group of young people at high risk for drug abuse and drug trafficking.

The association has continued to devote resources to activities aimed at preventing substance abuse among young people. Current initiatives include an economic development project to help young people create small businesses and access job-readiness training; children’s recreational programming (for example, basketball); and youth dances and other social events at the community centre.

In keeping with its philosophy of empowering youth, the Alexandra Park Residents’ Association actively involves young people in association activities. Two young people are members of the association’s board of directors, which is made up exclusively of community members. In addition, the local community centre, which serves as the venue for association activities, maintains a policy of hiring local youth for jobs at the centre. Over the past year, eight young people have been employed in part-time or seasonal positions at the centre.

The work of the association has resulted in tangible changes in the community. Local residents are reportedly less suspicious of strangers in the community. The gangs of drug traffickers have been dispersed, and most of the crack houses have been eliminated. Local residents are currently negotiating with the MTHA to have their units turned into co-operative housing. In recognition of the positive changes its activities have fostered in the community, the Alexandra Park Residents’ Association received the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse (CCSA) Award of Distinction in 1995.

Funding for the youth program and other activities is generated by the association, which raises over $30,000 a year through activities such as bingo hall rentals and bake sales. A network of community partners also provides ongoing support for programming efforts. For example, the recreational programs for youth are offered in collaboration with a local school, which provides gym space, and the local housing authority, which provides staff and supplies.

Contact: Alexandra Parks Residents' Association, 105 Grange Crt., Toronto, ON, Tel 416.603.9603

Source for this description: Fralick, P. And Hyndman, B. Youth Substance Abuse and the Determinants of Health, 1996


ASAP: A School-based Antiviolence Program

ASAP was developed by the London Family Court Clinic in co-operation with London, Ontario educators and community members. It was originally designed as a violence prevention program for secondary schools focussing on gender issues in violence. Later, it grew to include elementary school initiatives including antibullying programs and gender- and culture-equity programs. Evaluations have shown positive results and the interventions have been well-documented in a manual and in videos. The program is now being replicated in several sites across Canada. In addition to local school, community and government resources, financial contributions to the development, evaluation and dissemination of the program included Health Canada, the Ontario Ministry of Education and Training, the London Free Press, the Ontario Hydro Corporate Citizenship Fund, the Richard and Jean Ivey Foundation and the Donner Canadian Foundation.

Contact: London Family Court Clinic, 254 Pall Mall St., Suite 200, London, ON, N6A 5P6, Tel 519.679.7250 Fax 519.675.7772 Email info@lfcc.ca

Publications Clerk at family@lon.hookup.net


The Baby Project

BABY is one of 21 Pregnancy Outreach Programs (POP) throughout BC, providing education and support to pregnant women who do not typically access traditional prenatal health services. To distinguish itself from other POP sites in the province of British Columbia, the Dze l K’ant Aboriginal Friendship Centre gave its program a name few expectant mothers could resist. BABY stands for Best Available Baby Yet.

The Dze l K’ant Aboriginal Friendship Centre is participating in a province-wide effort to provide helping services to women at risk of having low birthweight babies and other poor pregnancy outcomes such as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol effects (FAE). The BABY Project is the first British Columbia POP to offer services on reserves.

The BABY project offers a pregnancy outreach program to high-risk families, including Aboriginal and multicultural communities. In the first one-and-a-half years of program delivery, 67 percent of the clients were Aboriginal, 54 percent lived on reserves, 77 percent were low income and 31 percent were 19 years and under. The others were primarily between the ages of 19 and 25 years.

The objective of the BABY project is to encourage lifestyle changes that will help pregnant women have the healthiest babies possible. The program helps families learn how to eat foods that build a healthy baby, quit smoking and stop using drugs and alcohol, and encourages peer and community support. Other goals are to raise self-esteem, promote dental health, and encourage physical activity, early physician care and breastfeeding. Each POP is co-ordinated by a health professional (either a nurse or registered dietician/nutritionist), but the majority of direct client service is done by peer or lay counsellors who live in the local communities.

The success of the BABY program is due, in part, to support from the communities it serves. Donations of food, maternity and children’s clothing, educational materials, and furnishings, and referrals to and from agencies, health and education professionals and other individuals, sustain the program.

A program advisory board, composed of a community health nurse, physician, alcohol and drug counsellor, a former client, a social worker, a family support worker and the executive director of the Friendship Centre, meet regularly (every two months) to provide direction, review progress and anticipate changes.

Contact: Program Co-ordinator, The BABY Project, Dze l K’ant Aboriginal Friendship Centre, Box 2920, Smithers, BC, V0J 2N0, Tel 604.847.5211 Fax 604.847.5144


Bear Creek Park

Bear Creek Park is a success story of youth involvement in community planning and development. The Surrey Recreation Department challenged young people to become involved in designing Bear Creek Park. As a result they ended up with a skateboarding area, a climbing wall, an in-line skating track and a sports box with a half-court. Youths were involved in the planning throughout, and will be in charge of making sure that it runs smoothly once it is all built.

Contact: Gaston Royer, Surrey Parks and Recreation, 7452-132nd St, Surrey, BC, V3W 4M7, Tel  604.501.5065

Source for this description: National Crime Prevention Council, Preventing Crime by Investing in Families and Communities. Promoting Positive Outcomes in Youth Twelve to Eighteen Years Old, May 1997.


Better Beginnings, Better Futures

Better Beginnings, Better Futures (BBBF) is a multi-ministry prevention program operating in eight high risk communities. An integral part of the program is longitudinal research to evaluate the effectiveness of the BBBF model of prevention. The programs operate in eight high risk, low income Ontario communities, including one First Nations community.

Programs are provided for children from birth to four-years-old in five communities, and, for four to eight-year-olds in three communities. In both types of programs, the objectives are: to reduce the incidence of preventable serious long-term emotional and behavioural problems in children, to promote the optimal social, physical, and cognitive development in children at the highest risk for such problems; and to strengthen the ability of communities to respond effectively to the social and economic needs of children and their families.

The programs provide homevisiting to expectant and new parents, high quality child care programs, and in-class and in-school assistance in primary schools. Family and community-identified components such as drop-in centres, recreational programs, breakfast/lunch programs, parent training and single parent support groups may also be offered.

The BBBF model is being extensively evaluated by researching the outcomes for children, families and communities by the Research Coordination Unit at Queen’s University. The demonstration phase of the project has ended and a comprehensive outcome report on this phase is expected in late fall 1999. The next step will be to undertake a twenty-year follow-up study to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of this model of prevention as the children grow into adulthood.

The research funding is provided to address three main questions:

Effectiveness – Is the model effective? Does the model produce positive outcomes for children?

Organization – If the model is effective, what were the processes that produced those outcomes? How was the model organized and managed?

Cost – What are the costs, cost savings and costs effectiveness of the model?

Contact: Better Beginnings, Better Futures Research Coordination Unit, Queen's University, 98 Barrie Street, Kingston, ON, Canada, K7L 3N6   Tel 613.533.6672  Website: http://bbbf.queensu.ca/contact.html


Black Learners Advisory Committee

The Black Learners Advisory Committee in Nova Scotia noted that the school drop-out rate for young Black men was 57 percent compared to 42 percent for non-Black men between the ages of 15 and 18. Young Black women were 25 percent more likely to leave school than non-Black women. Black students often had more than one reason for leaving school. Many drop-outs—76 percent—said they did not relate to school or were bored. Sixty-nine percent needed to work, while almost half—42 percent—cited personal and family problems. Twelve percent indicated racism as a factor, while 4 percent were told to leave by school authorities.

The Black Learners Advisory Committee (BLAC) report found that schools must be far more sensitive to the particular needs of Black students. Many drop-outs spoke of an alienating school environment where they received little or no encouragement and guidance, and had to deal with insensitive and sometimes prejudiced teachers.

The BLAC report concluded that society and the schools must counter the hopelessness felt by many Black children, by providing positive reinforcement, praise and encouragement.

Contact: Council of African Canadian Education, 2021 Brunswick St., P.O. Box 528, Halifax, NS, B3J 2S9, Tel 902.424.2678,  Black Report on Education, Readdressing Inequity, Empowering Black Learners, 1994.

Source for this description: The Progress of Canada’s Children, 1996


Boys and Girls Club of Canada: Active Living Initiative

The Youth-At-Risk Program, which is part of the Boys and Girls Club of Canada Active Living Initiative, encourages participation in physical activity and provides opportunities for youth to develop new skills that enhance self-esteem, decision-making and leadership.

The Ottawa-Carleton club was one of three clubs to participate in the Youth-At-Risk pilot project in 1995. The other clubs were located in Red Deer, Alberta and St. John, New Brunswick. Here are some examples from the pilot project:

In Ottawa-Carleton, late-night basketball keeps kids off the streets and away from crime. Skills in leadership, conflict resolution and communication make this activity more than just a game. A Girls Support Leadership Program trains teenage girls to be game officials.

In Red Deer, the Outdoor Adventure Program featured hiking, cross-country skiing and other outdoor activities which helped kids learn new physical skills. Another aim of this project was to help youth build self-esteem and confidence in themselves.

In St. John, the Boys and Girls Club partnered with the school community to offer intramural activities to youth after school.

In Nova Scotia, the Cole Harbour Boys and Girls Club have proposed a program that includes physical activity, as well as opportunities for youth to speak out about issues of importance to them.

In Calgary, the Boys and Girls Club is developing a project to help teenage girls overcome barriers to regular participation in physical activity and recreation.

Contact: 412 Nepean St., Ottawa, ON, K1R 5G7, Tel 613.232.3951 ext 22 Fax 613.230.0891 Website http://www.boys-girls.com


Bridges Employability Project

The Bridges Employability Project discovered that women who have been abused as children or young adults and who have been on government assistance can attain financial independence but it will take longer than the six months generally allowed under Canada Employment funding guidelines. Further, this project shows that, if women who have been abused are to achieve "lasting independence from government financial assistance, their needs must be met through intensive one-to-one support, counselling and follow-up."

The profile of the women who used the Bridges program also suggests that women who have been abused and must utilize employability programs are more likely than other women on financial assistance to have a wide range of problems which contribute to their employment difficulties. These women are more likely to:

• have survived childhood abuse
• be single parents of young children needing childcare
• have less than Grade 12 education
• have had no previous job-related training
• have lived away from their parents from a younger age
• have been employed in the past for a short period of time
• have an unstable employment history
• be in poor health
• have a current or past substance abuse problem.

The co-ordinators of this project stress that the full range of problems that create barriers to the employability of women who are abused must be addressed if these women are to become financially independent over the long term.

The project produced Building Bridges: A Guide for Setting Up an Employability Project for Women Abuse Survivors in Your Community. This unique kit was authored by Arlene Wells and produced by the Bridges for Women Society, Victoria, British Columbia in 1994. It shows communities how to assist abused women in their quest for healing through personal and financial independence. The Bridges program works to improve the employability of women who have been abused. After comparing this program with another one designed to enhance employability in the general population, the evaluators concluded that women abuse survivors were not likely to be as effectively served by the general program, but required the extra services provided by the Bridges program.

Contact: Box 5732, Stn. B, 519 Pandora St., Victoria, BC, V8R 6S8, Tel 250.385.7410 Fax 250.385.7459


The Canada Prenatal Nutrition Program

The Canada Prenatal Nutrition Program was announced in July 1994. This ongoing federal program is delivered through the Community Action Program for Children, a component of the Brighter Futures Initiative.

The Canada Prenatal Nutrition Program is a comprehensive program designed to provide food supplementation, nutrition counselling, support, education, referral and counselling on lifestyle issues to pregnant women who are most likely to have unhealthy babies.

The program, delivered through Health Canada regional offices, funds community groups to establish and deliver services that address the needs of low income pregnant women. Long-term financial assistance is provided through contributions to support these services.

The Canada Prenatal Nutrition Program supports comprehensive community based services, especially designed to build upon existing prenatal health programs across Canada. It offers resources, based on population (number of births) to provinces and territories to expand prenatal nutrition programs, and in cases where they do not exist, to assist in setting them up. The program establishes and enhances services but does not duplicate or replace other government services.

Targets include:

  • pregnant adolescents
  • youth at risk of becoming pregnant
  • pregnant women who abuse alcohol or other substances
  • pregnant women living in violent situations
  • off-reserve Aboriginals and Inuits
  • refugees
  • pregnant women living in isolation or not having access to services.

Contact:  Judy Watson, Canada Prenatal Nutrition Program, Childhood & Youth Division, Health Promotion & Programs Branch, Health Canada, Finance Building, Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, ON K1A 1B5, Tel 613.952.0240, Email  capc-cpnp@www.hc-sc.gc.ca  Website  http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hppb/childhood-youth/cbp/cpnp/


The Canadian Home and School Federation

CHSF is a national, non-profit and non-partisan umbrella organization for ten provincial affiliates representing parents committed to improving the quality of education available to their children.

The CHSF provides a variety of information resources for parents. Brochures, book reviews, bibliographies, publications and document extracts are available, as well as parent resource kits and access to a monthly newsletter.

Contact: CHSF, Suite 1240-427 Laurier Ave., Ottawa, ON, K1R 7Y2, Tel 613.234.7292 Fax 613.234.3913 Email chsptf@cyberus.ca  Website http://cnet.unb.ca/cap/partners/chsptf/


Canadian Mothercraft’s Birth Companion

Contact: Kim Hiscott, 475 Evered, Ottawa, ON, K1Z 5K9, Tel 613.728.1839 Fax 613.728.0097


CAPSLE - Community Alternative Program for Suspended Learners in Etobicoke

CAPSLE is a voluntary program that offers intensive support to learners between the ages of 10 and 18 who are under long-term school suspension (6 to 20 days). The goal of CAPSLE is to help the learner return to the school, family and community with positive alternatives to their current behaviour and new strategies for overall success. Program staff liaise with community service providers, school personnel and local police to provide learners with academic support, life skills, individual counselling, career development support, extracurricular programs, information workshops and parental outreach. The program provides a wide network of ongoing support to the learner, their family, and their schools. This process commences at intake and continues throughout the learner’s stay in the program and during the re-entry process to the receiving school.

Contact: Etobicoke Board of Education, 1 Civic Centre Court, Etobicoke, ON M9C 2B3, Tel   416.394.4953   Fax 416.394.4965

Source for this description: National Crime Prevention Council, Preventing Crime by Investing in Families and Communities. Promoting Positive Outcomes in Youth Twelve to Eighteen Years Old, May 1997



CATCH works within East Hamilton and Stoney Creek and is a community-based program to:

  • Involve the community in becoming active decision-makers in planning strategies to bring changes in their environment.
  • Promote healthy child, family and community life through improving community support and caregiving systems.
  • Provide safer environments for children (both inside and outside the home).

Contact: Project Co-ordinator Tel  905.546.4295 or Heather Thomas Tel  905.525.9140 ext 22404, Fax 905.546.4389


Change Your Future

Change Your Future (CYF) which operates in twelve Ontario school boards is funded by the Ontario Ministry of Citizenship Anti-Racism Secretariat and administered by the Ontario Ministry of Education and Training. CYF targets visible-minority students considered to be at risk of dropping out of school. Mentoring in the form of individual counselling with a CYF counsellor and group sessions are used to improve students’ marks and interest in school, and reduce dropout and transfer rates. Alternative schooling methods are also used. A two-year evaluation by the Toronto Board of Education showed a nine percent dropout rate compared with a 19 percent dropout rate for a comparison group. While CYF is designed for visible minority students, participants believe that the program has much to offer to all students.

Contact: 1 Dundas Street West, P.O. Box 79, Toronto, ON, M5J 1Z3 Tel   416.204.4478  Fax 416.204.4378  Email info@tlp.on.ca   Website http://www.tlp.on.ca/cyf/whatis.html  

Source for this description: Anisef, P. Making the Transition from School to Employment, 1996


Chicago Child-Parent Center Program

The Chicago Child-Parent Program provides comprehensive education, family, and health services to low-income children enrolled in alternative early childhood programs in 25 sites in Chicago, Illinois. The program includes half-day pre-school at ages three to four years, half- or full-day kindergarten, and scholl-age services in linked elementary schools at ages six to nine years.

A 15-year follow-up study has now been completed on the long-term effects of the Child-Parent Center Program on educational achievement and juvenile arrests. This study is important, in part, because it is the first study of the long-term effects of a pre-school program implemented on a wide-spread basis by school districts and human service agencies. Until now, such studies have focused on the effects of model demonstarion programs rather than large-scale institutionalized programs supported by the state and federal investments.

Findings from the study indicated that, relative to the pre-school comparision group, children who participated in the pre-school intervention for one or two years had a higher rate of high school completion, more years of completed education, and lower rates of juvenile arrest, violent arrests, and school drop-out. The authors came to the conclusion that "participation in an established early childhood intervention for low-income children was associated with better educational and social outcomes up to age 20 years. These findings are among the strongest evidence that established programs administrated through public schools can promote children's long term success."

Contact: (for information on the research) Arthur J. reynolds, Waisman Center on Mental Retardation and Human Development, University of Wisconsin - Madison, 1500 Highland Ave., Madison, WI, 53705; Email ajreynol@facstaff.wisc.edu


Child Friendly Calgary’s Youth Volunteer Corps and Youth Advisory Council to the Mayor

Advising the mayor on city policy, reviewing a museum display, evaluating a restaurant, assisting in a senior’s residence — these are typical activities for the teens who take part in Child Friendly Calgary’s Youth Volunteer Corps and Youth Advisory Council to the Mayor. The Child Friendly Calgary program is designed to make the city more attuned to children’s needs and to involve youth in the community.

The non-profit, proactive organization is an umbrella group for several initiatives. In addition to the 250-member Youth Volunteer Corps and 30-member Advisory Council, they have a teen-led Youth Foundation that raises money for philanthropic causes, a Peace Heroes Program that fosters a peaceful learning environment in the schools, an accreditation program that uses teen volunteers to carry out inspections of businesses that want a "child-friendly" designation, and a convention package for children who come to Calgary with parents who are attending conventions.

Making children a community priority has had visible results. The community is much more aware of the needs of its children and actively seeks out the youth perspective on issues that affect them. The members of the Youth Volunteer Corps work at 50 non-profit agencies throughout the community and their efforts and energy have been well-received.

For the teens involved, Child Friendly Calgary programs give them opportunities to have a voice in civic affairs, a sense of ownership about their community, and a much better idea of how much work is involved in running a city.

Contact: Child Friendly Calgary, #720 Lancaster Building, 304-8th Ave S.W., Calgary, AB, T2P 1C2, Tel  403.266.5448  Fax   403.265.1932 Website http://www.calcna.ab.ca/populati/communit/friendly/friendly.html

Source for this description: Canada’s Children, 1996


City of Vancouver Civic Youth Strategy

The Civic Youth Strategy is co-chaired by the Child and Youth Advocate and Manager of Youth Services, Vancouver Parks and Recreation. The purpose of the program is to provide support services for children and youth. The project involves youths as active partners in the development and delivery of civic services that have a direct impact on young people. It supports youth-driven groups as a consultation source for city planners.

Contact: Social Planning Department, 250 West Heritage Building, City Square, Box 96, 555 West 12th Avenue, Vancouver, BC V5Z 3X7, Tel 604.871.6032

Source for this description: National Crime Prevention Council, Preventing Crime by Investing in Families and Communities. Promoting Positive Outcomes in Youth Twelve to Eighteen Years Old, May 1997

Children Learning for Living

Children Learning For Living (CLFL) is a program of the Ottawa Board of Education that includes classroom curricula on topics such as feelings, communication and problem-solving for children from kindergarten to grade five, and the Amigo program which teaches children in grades five and six playground games that they teach to younger students. Informal evaluations show positive results. Teachers say they spend less time dealing with social problems. Schools report happier playgrounds, fewer school suspensions and a shift in emphasis from disciplining to dealing with problems, with the help of children.

Contact: Supervisor, CLLP, Ottawa Board of Education


Colorado Task Force on Parent Education and Involvement

The Governor’s Task Force on Parent Education and Involvement is an initiative to promote parent education, support and involvement in Colorado. The Governor’s Task Force offers several recommendations which are reviewed in detail to begin framing the discussion about what is needed and from whom. Individuals, employers, schools, civic, community and religious organizations, health care providers, the media and government at every level have a role to play in making sure that the job of parenting is valued and supported. To view the recommendations in full refer to the website below.

Contact: Governor, 136 State Capitol, Denver, CO, 80203-1791, Tel 303.866.2471 Email romer@governor.state.co.us   Website http://governor.state.co.us/gov_dir/govnr_dir/parent/intro.htm  

Communities in Schools

Communities in Schools (CIS) develops partnerships that brings resources from business, social agencies, foundations and volunteer organizations into the school to serve youth at risk for dropping out of high school. The CIS team provides a highly supportive learning experience and lowers the stress of social and emotional problems using small teams of caring adults working within the school, which provides the necessary supports.The program, which was started in the USA, claims  it can lower the drop-out rate, increase the number of high school graduations and give at-risk students the skills they need to join the workforce. Two pilot projects which were held in North York, Ontario retained 75 percent of the 259 students enrolled in the program.

Contact: Communities In Schools, National Office - 277 S. Washington Street, Suite 210, Alexandria, VA, 22314, Tel 703.519.8999 Fax 703.519.7213 Website http://www.cisnet.org


Communities Together for Children

This non-profit group has a mission to support families to find quality child care for their children. Their focus is on the family and the child. They provide consumer education and a one-stop shopping point for all forms of child care support. They work with health, education and social services systems to heighten community awareness of needs of young children and to improve and extend the services available to meet the needs of young families.

Contact: 200 South Syndicate Ave., Suite 501, Thunder Bay, ON, P7E 1C9, Tel 807.622.3980 or Heather Exeley Tel   807.624.5690


Compliance for Kids

The Compliance for Kids initiative – an Alberta, community-based program – is an example of how communities and governments can foster social and physical environments that encourage young people to make health promoting choices. The Compliance for Kids program consists of two main approaches: a lobbying effort to enact a city bylaw against tobacco sales to minors, and an educational program aimed at tobacco retailers. The latter initiative is based on the assumption that merchants’ behaviour will be influenced by their familiarity with, and acceptance of, the program. All tobacco vendors in participating communities receive signs, decals, copies of the relevant legislation, a letter from the mayor, staff training materials and other resources designed to curb tobacco sales to minors.

Vendor knowledge increased significantly in one community (from 43 percent to 86 percent) and modest increases in knowledge were obtained in the other communities. Significant reductions were seen in the percentage of vendors willing to sell cigarettes to minors who had a note from their parents or another adult.


Curé-Antoine-Labelle Secondary School

This is a school-based program that offers support and assistance to students between the ages of 13 and 16 who lack an interest in learning and are struggling with long-term, chronic problems in their lives. A team of supportive adults (including a special education teacher, psychologist, associate director, etc.) is brought together to address the multiple personal and social development needs of the students. The academic part of the program is customized to each student’s needs and abilities. A physical education and technical skills development program are also offered. The goals of the program are to teach young people self-responsibility and to create supportive relationships between themselves and adult helpers. Staff meet with parents at the beginning of the program and encourage them to be involved throughout. Every effort is made to keep the learning environment positive and relevant to the needs of students.

Contact: Claudine Moreau, psychologist, Commission scolaire des Mille-Îles, 2275 Rue Honoré-Mercier, Laval, QC, H7L 2T1, Tel 514.625.2042

Source for this description: National Crime Prevention Council, Preventing Crime by Investing in Families and Communities. Promoting Positive Outcomes in Youth Twelve to Eighteen Years Old, May 1997


Dads Canada Initiative

The Dads Canada Initiative is a fledgling innovative program which began in London, Ontario in 1996. This program evolved out of the Dad Classes – a series of community-based sessions for expectant and new fathers – which have been running since 1990. The mission statement of the group is to promote responsible and involved fathering by supporting men’s personal development into fatherhood and healthy fathering patterns in our society. They believe that every child deserves a committed, loving, responsible father who is involved with the family.

The program is supported by the Canadian Institute of Child Health.

Contact:  Dads Can, St. Mary's Annex - Room 411, London, ON, N6A 1Y6, Tel 519.646.6095 or 1-888-DADSCAN Website http://www.dadscan.org


Daybreak Healthy Baby Club

Daybreak Parent Child Centre is a service for special needs children and their families located in St. John’s, Newfoundland. Funded primarily through a purchase of service agreement with the provincial Department of Social Services, Daybreak offers specialized services for children and a parent program that provides drop-in counselling, outreach and general support services to socioeconomically disadvantaged families.

The Daybreak Centre operates from two locations – the Children’s Centre which provides early childhood programming for fifty children on a daily basis and a three-bedroom apartment called the Parent Space, which is situated on an adjacent lot. The Parent Space not only serves as an informal drop-in centre but it is also used for parenting, lifestyle and personal development classes. The Healthy Baby Club, which is the pregnancy support program, has its home base in this space.

The Healthy Baby Club is for families affiliated with the Daybreak agency. It provides daily food supplements, prenatal counselling, outreach support and other services to low-income pregnant women in an effort to help reduce the incidence of low birthweight. Most participants are young adults.

A unique aspect of the Healthy Baby program is a "model mother" — a Daybreak staff person who spends roughly one-quarter of her time making home visits to pregnant women and new mothers. Although she provides practical advice, her biggest responsibility is to be the "nurturing other" in pregnant women’s lives. By offering a shoulder to lean on, she builds trust and helps break down the barriers that separate the disadvantaged mother-to-be from the rest of the community.

Contact: Program Director, Daybreak Healthy Baby Club, 3 Barnes Road, St. John’s, NF, A1C 3X1, Tel  709.726.8373  Fax  709.738.0255


The Dene Yati Project

In 1993, adults in the community of Lutsel’Ke in the Northwest Territories were concerned about the loss of their native Chipewyan language. Children were using their native tongue only in school during formal language classes and were speaking English in the playground and at home. Community members recognized that the loss of their language meant not only the loss of their culture, it also weakened family bonds by limiting the range of communications between children and adults.

With the help of the Dene Cultural Institute, the community initiated a program involving extended families and activities like hunting, fishing, camping and picnics that were conducive to Dene culture. While the responsibility to make these events happen and to speak their native language during the activities rested with the families, the Institute and local school provided language resources and monitored the program. Language testing showed that the children had improved proficiency in Dene and the adults in the community reported that their children were speaking more Dene at home. The success of the Dene Yati project went well beyond language proficiency. Family members felt closer to one another and stronger in their culture.

Contact: Joanne Barnaby, Executive Director of the Dene Cultural Institute, Dene Cultural Institute, P.O. Box 570, Hay River, NWT, X0E 0R0, Tel 403.874.8480 Fax 403.874.3867

Source for this description: Canada’s Children, 1996


Dialogue With the Children and Youth of Ottawa-Carleton

Between 1989 and 1993, the Ottawa-Carleton Health Department engaged in a strategic planning exercise that involved extensive dialogue and consultations with parents, children and youth living in the region, as well as with key stakeholders and service providers in child and youth health.

The processes resulted in the release of several reports and two key planning documents:

  • Healthy Children: Everybody’s Business
  • Healthy Adolescence: A Time To Discuss...A Time To Decide.

These documents describe collaborative community and school strategies for improving the health of children and youth that are based on the needs and concerns of young people and youth-serving organizations.

Contact: Ottawa-Carleton Health Department, 495 Richmond Road, Ottawa, ON K2A 4A4, Tel   613.722.2242  Fax  613.724.4217


Dufferin Mall

The Dufferin Mall in Toronto, Ontario was experiencing serious problems related to youth, street drugs and safety for women. The manager of the mall decided to develop the mall’s potential as a community resource to help address these issues. Through a series of negotiations, he brought services to the mall to address a variety of issues and problems.

A number of partners joined him in the following efforts:

• West Toronto Collegiate offered educational services, on site, for students at risk and those who had dropped out of school.

• Many of the students that were hanging out at the mall now attend school there and work part-time to earn school credits.

• A local high-school has set up a school re-entry program that has encouraged a number of students to return to school.

• A youth worker spends 40 percent of his time providing daily counselling on site (the youth worker provides a series of programs and organizes tournaments with equipment and trophies donated by the mall).

• Mall security people ally themselves with the families of problem youth, involving families in the decision to ban young people from the mall for disruptive behaviour.

• An Economic Recovery Program of the Bloor Lansdowne Committee Against Drugs was established to offer programs to revitalize neighbourhood business.

The initiative has resulted in a reduction in problems and demonstrated benefits to the population using the mall. Residents agree that the safety of the mall and the neighbourhood has improved. A number of young people have continued their education through outreach and educational opportunities offered at the mall. Job training opportunities have been created, and concrete changes, such as the attraction of more businesses and better business returns, have resulted from the Economic Recovery Program.

Contact:  Dufferin Mall Youth Services, Tel 416.535.1140

Source for this description: Federal-Provincial-Territorial Working Group on Community Safety and Crime Prevention, Models of Practice for Community Safety and Crime Prevention


Education Work Connections

Education Work Connections (EWC) was launched by the Ontario Ministry of Education and Training in response to the Report of the Royal Commission on Learning which emphasized the need for effective school-community partnerships to ensure an open path between school and work. EWC offered support to eight two-year demonstration projects, a tabloid on careers for students, workshops for teachers and community partners and an Internet newsgroup. One of the demonstration projects (in Waterloo County) offered a graduated co-operative education program combined with mentors (most of whom were seniors), community tutors and job-shadowing. Since 1990, 90 percent of participants have continued their education or taken full-time employment. Although EWC has formally ended, the demonstration projects continue.

Contact: Ministry of Education and Training, Secondary School Projects, Tel 416.325.2508

Source for this description: Anisef, P. Making the Transition from School to Employment, 1996


The Ehrlo Program of the Rancho Ehrlo Society

The Rancho Ehrlo Society in Saskatchewan offers recreation, social and cultural activities to Aboriginal youth. One program called "Dress-A-Champion" recruits Aboriginal youth to collect and distribute used hockey equipment to other Aboriginal youth in Regina’s inner city. More than 2,000 pairs of skates and 600 sets of hockey equipment were distributed between 1992 and 1997. The Outdoor Hockey League has over 450 youth at seven different inner-city communities playing organized hockey.

Contact: Ehrlo Community Services, P.O. Box 570, Pilot Butte, SK S0G 3Z0, Tel   306.781.1800  Fax 306.757.0599

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