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A

1. Abstracts (1995). The Future of Children: Low Birth Weight, 5(1) [Online] http://www.futureofchildren.org.

2. Amato, Paul R. (1995). Single-Parent Households as Settings for Children's Development, Well-being, and Attainment. Sociological Studies of Children, 7: 19-47.

291. Anisef, P. (1998)."Making the Transition from School to Employment." Determinants of Health: Children and Youth Canada Health Action : Building on the Legacy (Volume 1). National Forum on Health. Saint Foy: Editions MultiMondes.

3. Avard, Denise and Hanvey, Louise (1989). The Health of Canada's Children: A CICH Profile. Ottawa: Canadian Institute of Child Health Canada.

4. Avison, W. R. (1994). Single Parenthood, Poverty and the Health of Mothers and Children: A Stress Process Analysis. University of Western Ontario.

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5. Barnard, K. E., Morisset, C. E. Spieker, S. (1993). Preventive Interventions: Enhancing Parent-Infant Relationships, in C. H. Zeanah, ed. Handbook of Infant Mental Health. New York: Guildford Press: 386-399.

6. Barnett, W. Steven (1993). Benefit-Cost Analysis of Preschool Education: Findings From a Twenty-five Year Follow-up. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 63 (4): 500-508.

7. Baumrind, D. (1989). Rearing Competent Children. In W. Damon ed., Child Development Today and Tomorrow. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. 349-378.

8. Bayley (1969). Scales of Infant Development. Cleveland, OH: The Psychological Corporation.

9. Beckwith, L. (1990). Adaptive and Maladative Parenting: Implications for Intervention. Handbook of Early Childhood Intervention. Meisels, S. and J. Shonkoff eds. New York: Cambridge University Press.

10. Beitchman, J.H., Inglis, A. and Schachter, D. (1992). Child Psychiatry and Early Intervention: I. The Aggregate Burden of Suffering. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 37: 230-234.

11. Begley, Sharon (1996). Your Child's Brain. Newsweek (Feb. 19, 1996). p.55-58.

12. Benoit, Diane, et al. (1997). Mothers' representations of their infants assessed prenatally: Stability and association with infants' attachment classifications. Submitted for publication.

13. Benoit, D. (1994). Parenting Infants: What Really Matters in the First Year of Life. IMPrint: Newsletter of the Infant Mental Health Promotion Project. 10(Fall):2-3.

14. Benoit, Diane et al. (1997). Working Model of the Child Interview: Infant Clinical Status Related to Maternal Perceptions. Infant Mental Health Journal. 18(1). 107-121.

15. Bernard, B. (1991). Fostering Resiliency in Kids: Protective Factors in the Family, School and Community. Portland, OR: Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory.

316. Betcherman, G., Leckie, N. (1997). Youth Employment and Education Trends in the 1980s and 1990s. Working Paper #W03. Ottawa: Canadian Policy Research Networks, Inc.

16. Bolger, K., Patterson, C. and Thompson, W. (1995). Psychosocial Adjustment Among Children Experiencing Persistent and Intermittent Family Economic Hardship. Child Development. 66:1107-29.

17. Bond, L. A. and Bruce, E. eds. (1987). Primary Prevention and promotion in the schools. Newbury Park, California: Sage Publications.

18. Botvin, G.J. (1996). Substance Abuse Prevention Through Life Skills Training. In Peters, R.D. & McMahon, R. J. eds. Preventing Childhood Disorders, Substance Abuse and Delinquency. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

19. Bouchard, C. (1995). The Case for 1,2,3, Go! Montreal: 1,2,3, go!

20. Boyer, E. L. (1991) Ready to Learn: A Mandate for the Nation. Princeton NJ: Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.

21. Brandon, S. et. al. (1996) Youth and Mental Health: Quantitative and Qualitative Analyses of Youth Net/Reseau Ado Focus Groups. Ottawa: Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario.

22. Breakey, G. and Pratt, B. (1991). Healthy Growth for Hawaii's "Healthy Start": Toward a Systematic Statewide Approach to the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect. Zero to three. 11: 16-22. April.

312. Breen, M. (1996). Promoting Literacy, Improving Health.   Determinants of Health: Adults and Seniors, Canada Health Action: Building on the Legacy  National Forum on Health. Saint Foy: Editions MultiMondes 1998

23. Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne and Greg Duncan. (1996). Growing up Poor: Consequences for Children and Youth. Toronto: Canadian Institute for Advanced Research.

337. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1985).  Freedom and discipline across the decades.  In G. Becker, H. Becker and L. Huber, (eds.)  Ordnung and Unordung (Order and Disorder).  Weinheim, Germany. Beltz Verlag.

24. Burchinal, M., Ramey, S., Reid, M., and Jaccard, J. (1995). Early Child Care Experiences and their Association with Family and Child Characteristics during Middle Childhood. Early Childhood Research Quarterly. 10: 33-61.

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250. Cairns, R.B. and Cairns, B.D. (1994). Life Lines and Risks: Pathways of Youth in Our Times. New York: Cambridge Press.

25. Cairns, E. et al. (1991). The Development of Psychological Well-Being in Late Adolescence. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 37(5): 635-643.

252. Calfus, K. and Taylor, W. (1994). Effects of Physical Activity on Psychological Variables in Adolescents. Pediatric Exercise Science, 6(4), 406-423.

26. Cameron, Gary and Bidgood, Bruce (1990). Family Builders Demonstration Project: Review of the outcome research and evaluation issues. Centre for Social Welfare Studies, Faculty of Social Work, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo.

27. Cameron, G. and Vanderwoerd, J. (1997). Protecting children and supporting Families: Promising Programs and Organizational Realities. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

27. Cameron, V. (1986). The Benefit-Costs of Preschool Child Care Programs: A Critical Review. Prepared for the Special Committee on Child Care. Ottawa: Government of Canada. Unpublished. Located in Library of Parliament.

267. Canadian Association for School Health (1991). Comprehensive School Health: A Framework for Cooperative Action — Understanding The Framework. White Rock, British Columbia: Canadian Association for School Health.

321.  Canadian Council on Social Development (1998).  The Progress of Canada's Children, Focus on Youth, p30.

28. The Canadian Health and Social Transfer: A threat to the Health, Development and Future Productivity of Canada's Children and Youth. Ottawa: Caledon Institute of Social Policy.

29. Canadian Institute for Advanced Research and Center for Studies of Children at-Risk (Hamilton). (1995). Healthy Children, Healthy Communities: A compendium of approaches from across Canada. Toronto: Canadian Institute for Advanced Research.

30. Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. (1991). The Determinants of Health Toronto: Canadian Institute for Advanced Research.

31. Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. (1994). Symposium Proceedings: Meeting the Needs of Children — Children in a Changing Socio-economic Environment. Toronto: Canadian Institute for Advanced Research.

229. Canadian Institute of Child Health (1997). Fact Sheets prepared for conference "What on Earth."

308. Canadian Profile (1995). Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs. Ottawa: Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse.

293. Caputo, T. and Kelly, K. (1996). Improving the Health of Street/Homeless Youth. Paper written for the National Forum on Health, In press.

336. Carey, E. (1998). Average Family Works 77 Weeks to Pay Bills.  The Toronto Star, Feb 7, p.A7.  Describes a study by the Vanier Institute of the Family based on Statistics Canada figures.

307. Carleton University (1994). Women Abuse in University Dating Relationships. Ottawa: Carleton University.

32. Carnegie Corporation. Great Transitions: Preparing Adolescents for a New Century. New York: Carnegie Corporation. [Online].

33. Carnegie Corporation (1994). Starting Points: Meeting the Needs of Our Youngest Children. New York: Carnegie Corporation.

34. Carnegie Corporation. Years of Promise: A Comprehensive Learning Strategy for America's Children: Executive Summary. New York: Carnegie Corporation. [Online].

275. Carnegie Council on Adolescent Development (1992). A Matter of Time: Risk and Opportunity in the Nonschool Hours. New York: Carnegie Corporation of New York.

35. Case, R. (1996). Reconceptualizing the Nature of Children’s Conceptual Structures and Their Development in Middle Childhood. Toronto: The Canadian Institute for Advanced Research.

36. Case, R. (1997). Socioeconomic Gradients in Mathematical Ability and their Responsiveness to Intervention During Early Childhood. Toronto: The Canadian Institute for Advanced Research.

37. Centre for Disease Control. (1996). Project BEGIN: A CDC Prevention Research Endeavor. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/pubcatns/1994/cdc/fsheets/begin.htm

38. Chamberlain, R.W. ed. (1988). Beyond individual risk assessment: Community-wide approaches to promoting health and development of families and children. (Preface XIII-XVII). Washington, DC: The National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health.

39. Chamberlain, R.W. (1992). Preventing low birthweight, child abuse, and school failure: The need for comprehensive, community-wide approaches. Pediatrics in Review, 13(2), 64-71.

324. Chanunduri, N. (1998). Child Health, Poverty and the Environment: The Canadian Context.  In What on Earth?  A National Symposium on Environmental Contaminants and Children's Health, Canadian Journal of Public Health, 89, Supplement 1, 26-30

Children's Aid Society of Metropolitan Toronto. (1995). Government Cutbacks to Children's Services: The Issues and their Impact (internal report).

40. Chomitz, V.R., Cheung, L.W.Y., and Lieberman, E. (1995). The Role of Lifestyle in Preventing Low Birthweight. The Future of Children. 5: 121-38

41. Ciliska, D. et al. (1994). The Effectiveness of Homevisiting as a Delivery Strategy for Public Health Nursing Interventions — A Systematic Overview. Hamilton: Quality of Nursing Worklife Research Unit (McMaster University and University of Toronto).

42. Clarke-Stewart, K.A. (1987). Predicting Child Development from Child Care Forms and Features: The Chicago Study. Quality Child Care What does the research tell us? Phillips, D. ed. Washington, DC: National Association for the Education of Young Children.

43. Coie, J.D. (1996). Prevention of Violence and Antisocial Behavior. In Peters, R.D. & McMahon, R.J. eds. Preventing Childhood Disorders, Substance Abuse and Delinquency. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications

230. Coie, J. D., and Kupersmidt, J. B. (1983). A Behavioral analysis of Emerging Social Status in boys’ Groups. Child Development. 54: 1400-1416.

44. Coleman, M. and Churchill, S. (1997). Challenges to Family Involvement. Childhood Education. 73(3): 144-148.

334. Colorado Department of Education. (1996). Class-Size Effects in the Primary Grades: Research in Tennessee. Of Primary Interest, Vol. 3. Available: http://ericps.crc.uluc.edu/nprn/respar/texts/parschool/csized96.html

273. Comer, J. (1985). The Yale-New Haven Primary Prevention Project: A Follow-Up Study. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 24:154-60.

268. Connell, D. et al. (1985). Summary of the Findings of the School Health Education Evaluation: Health Promotion Effectiveness, Implementation and Costs. Journal of School Health 55 (8).

45. Crockenberg, S., Lyons-Ruth, K., and Dickstein, S. (1993). The Family Context of Infant Mental Health: Infant Development in Multiple Family Relationships, in C. H. Zeanah, ed. Handbook of Infant Mental Health. New York: Guildford Press: 38-53.

278. Cunningham, C. E. , Bremner, R. and Boyle, M. Large Group Community-Based Parenting Programs for Families of Preschooles at Risk for Disruptive Behaviour Disorders: Utilization, Cost Effectiveness, and Outcome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 36(7): 1141-1159.

46. Cynader, M. (1994). Mechanisms of Brain Development, Daedalus, Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Fall.

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47. Dallaire, Nicole, Chamberland, Claire, Cameron, Sylvie and Hebert, Jacques (1995). Social Prevention: A Study of Projects in an Urban Environment. in Child Welfare Canada: Research and Policy Implications. Toronto: Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. 123-139.

231. Dodge, K. A. (1983). Behavioral Antecedents of Peer Social Status. Child Development. 54: 1386-1389.

48. Gomby, Deanna S. et al. Long-Term Outcomes of Early Childhood Programs. [Online]

49. Dodge, K.A., Pettit, G.S., and Bates, J.E. (1994). Socialization Mediators of the Relation Between Socioeconomic Status and Child Conduct Problems. Child Development. 65(2): 649-65.

50. Doherty, G. (1992). Addressing the Issue of Lack of School Readiness in Preschoolers. Discussion document for Prosperity Secretariat Meeting, Ottawa, Ontario

51. Doherty, G. (1991). Factors Related to Quality in Child Care: A Review of the Literature. Toronto: Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services.

52. Doherty, G. (1996). The Great Child Care Debate: The Long-term Effects of Non-Parental child care. Occasional Paper no.7. Toronto: Child Care Resource and Research Unit, University of Toronto.

53. Doherty, Gillian (1997). Zero to Six: the Basis for School readiness. Ottawa: Human Resources Development Canada, Applied Research Branch.

232. Druxbury, L. and Higgins, C. (1996). Work and Family in the 1990s: The View from the Trenches. Transition, June.

270. Dryfoos, J. and Klenman, L. (1988). School-Based Clinics: Their Role in Helping Students Meet the 1990 Objectives. Health Education Quarterly, Spring.

54. Duncan, G. J., Yeung, W., Brooks-Gunn, F. and Smith, J. (1996). How Much Does Childhood Poverty Affect the Life Chances of children? Toronto: The Canadian Institute for Advanced Research.

55. Dunn, J. (1996). Children’s Relationships: Bridging the Divide Between Cognitive and Social Development. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 37(5): 507-518.

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56. Eastman, W. (1996). Beginnings and Beyond: The Caregiver and Kindergarten Readiness. Interaction, Spring. Available: http://www.cfc-efc.ca/startup/home_eng.htm

249. Edwards, P. (1993). Self-Esteem, Sport and Physical Activity. Ottawa: Canadian Association for the Advancement of Women and Sport and Physical Activity.

326. Editors. 1997 Declaration of the Environmental Leaders of the Eight on Children's Environmental Health.  In What On Earth? A National Symposium on Environmental Contaminants and Children's Health.

327. Editors. 1997 Declaration of the Environmental Leaders of the Eight on Children's Environmental Health.

255. Elias, M. and Clabby, J. (1992). Building Social Problem-Solving Skills: Guidelines From a School-Based Program. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

57. Etizioni, A. (1993). Children of the Universe: Good Parenting Benefits the Community as well as Kids. Utne Reader, May/June. 52-61.

274. Evans, R., Barer, M. and Marmor, T. eds. (1994). Why Are Some People Healthy and Others Not? New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

58. EVA Project. (1995). Forward to Towards and Evaluation of the European Network of Health Promoting Schools. World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe.

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59. Fallon, Barbara, Marks, Susan and Offord, Dan (1994). A Literature Review of Child Health: Concepts, measurement, and determinants. State-of-the Child Research Unit, Children-at-Risk Programme, Laidlaw Foundation.

60. Faludi, S. (1993). The Kids Are All Right: Research Shows Our Bias Against Day Care is Unfounded. Utne Reader, May/June, 68-70.

233. Fast, J. E. and Frederick, J. A. (1996). Working Arrangements and Time and Stress. Canadian Social Trends. 1996, Winter.

303. Federal, Provincial, Territorial Advisory Council on Population Health. (1996). Report on the Health Of Canadians: Technical Appendix.

61. Felner, R. D., Ginter, M. and Primavera, J. (1982). Primary Prevention During School Transitions: Social Support and Environmental Structure. American Journal of Community Psychology. 10(3): 277-290.

62. Fick, A. C. and Thomas, S. M. (1995). Growing Up In A Violent Environment: Relationship to Health-Related Beliefs and Behaviors. Youth and Society. 27(2): 136-147.

301. Fisher, J. and Narus, L. (1981). Sex Roles and Intimacy in Same Sex and Other Sex Relationships, Psychology of Women Quarterly, 5, cited in Unreau, Y., Krysik, J. (1996). Research on Preparation for Intimacy and Family Life: Research and Policy Implications in Galaway, B. and Hudson, J. eds. Youth in Transition: Perspectives on Research and Policy Toronto: Thompson Educational Publishing Inc.

63. Fox, N., Kimmerly, N. L., and Schafer, W. D. (1991). Attachment to mother/attachment to father: A meta-analysis. Child Development. 62: 210-25.

289. Fralick, P., Hyndman, B. (1996). Youth, Substance Abuse and the Determinants of Health. Paper written for the National Forum on Health, In press.

64. Freiberg, Karen L. (1987). Human Development: A Life-Span Approach (third edition). Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

313. Frontier College (1989). Learning in the Workplace. Toronto: Frontier College.

65. Fuchs, V.R. and Reklis, D.M. (1994). Mathematical Achievement in Eighth Grade: Interstate and Racial Differences. Stanford: NBER Working Paper No. 4784.

66. Fuddy, L.J. (1992). Hawaii Healthy Start Successful in Preventing Child Abuse. Mimeograph describing the Hawaii Healthy Start Program operated by the State of Hawaii Maternal and Child Health Branch, Department of Health. Honolulu: Loretta J. Fuddy. 741 A Sunset Avenue, 96816.

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67. Galaway B. and Hudson, J. eds. ( 1996). Youth in Transition: Perspectives on Research and Policy. Toronto: Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc.

234. Garbarino, F. and Kostelny, K. (1991). Child Maltreatment as a Community Problem. Chicago: Erikson Institute.

251. Garmezy, N. (1993). Stressors of Childhood in Stress, Coping and Development in Children, N. Garmezy and M. Rutter eds. New York: McGraw Hill.

328. Garmezy, N. (1991).  Resiliency in children's adaptation to negative life events and stressed environments. Pediatric Annals. 20: 462-66.

299. Gaskell, J. (1987). Course Enrollment in High School: The Perspective of Working Class Females in J. Gaskell and A McLaren eds., Women and Education: A Canadian Perspective. Calgary: Detselig Enterprises Ltd., cited in Geller, G. Educational, Occupational and Family Aspirations of Women: A Longitudinal Study, in Ref 67, p 107-117.

68. Gladwell, Malcolm. (1997). Damaged. in The New Yorker. February 24 & March 3, 1997. 132-147.

69. Goldberg, Susan. (1991). Recent Developments in Attachment Theory and Research. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Vol. 36, August 1991. p. 393-399.

70. Goldberg, S. (1996). Temperament, Attachment and Emotion Regulation. IMPrint: Newsletter of the Infant Mental Health Promotion Project. 15 (Spring): 4-7.

272. Gottlieb, B. (1996). Strategies to Promote the Optimal Development of Canada’s Youth. Paper written for the National Forum on Health Determinants of Health Committee (in press).

71. Graber, J.A. and Brooks-Lynn, J. (1996). Transitions and turning points: Navigating the passage from childhood through adolescence. Developmental Psychology 32(4).

72. Gribble, P., Cowen, E., Wyman, P., Work, W., Wannon, M. and Raoof, A. (1993). Parent and Child Views of Parent-Child Relationship Qualities and Resilient Outcomes Among Urban Children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines. 34: 507-19.

73. Griffin, S., Case, R. and Siegler, R. (1994). Rightstart: Providing the Prerequisites for First Formal Learning of Arithmetic to Students at Risk for School Failure. In McGilly, K. (Ed.). Classroom Lessons: Integrating Cognitive theory and Classroom Practice. Cambridge, MA: MIT/Bradford. 25-50.

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74. Hack, et al. (1994). School-age Outcomes in Children with Birthweights Under 750 grams. New England Journal of Medicine. 331: 753-9.

75. Halpern, Robert. (1990). Parent support and education programs. Children and Youth Services Review, 12, 285-308.

76. Halpern, R. (1990). Poverty and Early Childhood Parenting: toward a Framework for Intervention. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 60 (1).

290. Hamilton, S. (1994). Social Roles for Youth: Interventions in Unemployment. In A.C. Peterson and J.T. Mortimer eds, Youth Unemployment and Society. New York: Cambridge University Press.

77. Hanvey, L. et al. (1994). The Health of Canada's Children: A CICH Profile, 2nd edition. Ottawa: Canadian Institute of Child Health.

78. Harms, T. and Clifford, R. (1980). The Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale. New York: Teachers College Press.

79. Haveman, R. and Wolfe, B. (1995). The Determinants of Children's Attainments: A Review of Methods and Findings. Journal of Economic Literature. 33: 1829-1878.

319. Hawkins, J., Catalano, R. and Associates (1993). Communities That Care: Action for Drug Abuse Prevention. San Francisco: Jossey Bass, cited in Fralick, P. and Hyndman, B. (1996). Youth, Substance Abuse and the Determinants of Health.Determinants of Health: Children and Youth Canada Health Action: Building on the Legacy (Volume 1) National Forum on Health. Saint Foy: Editions MultiMondes 1998.

302. Hay, D. (1996). Childhood Sexual Abuse: Implications for the Development of Intimate Relationships in Adolescence and Adulthood in Galaway, B., Hudson, J. eds. Youth in Transition: Perspectives on Research and Policy Toronto: Thompson Educational Publishing Inc.

80. Hayward, S. et al. (1996). Effectiveness of Public Health Nursing Interventions In Parent-Child Health: summary. Available: http://hiru.mcmaster.ca/ohcen/groups/hthu/96-4sum.htm

335. Health Canada, Laboratory Centre for Disease Control. (1998). Canadain Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP)  Database.

81. Health Canada. The Comprehensive School Health Model. Available:  http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hppb/children/

83. Health Canada. The Health of Canada’s Youth. Available: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hppb/children/

306. Health Canada (1994). Suicide in Canada. Update of the Report of the Task Force on Suicide in Canada. Ottawa: Ministry of Supply and Services Canada, Cat. No. H39-107/1995E.

82. Health Canada (1995). The Effects of Tobacco Smoke and Second-Hand Smoke in the Prenatal and Postpartum Periods: A Summary of the Literature. Ottawa: Minister of Supply and Services Canada.

84. Health Canada (1995). Turning Points. Ottawa: Family and Child Health Unit, Health Canada.

235. Health Canada (1996). Outdoor Air and Your Health: A summary of research related to the health effects of outdoor air pollution in the Great Lakes Basin. Ottawa: Environmental Health Directorate.

310. Health Canada, Bureau of Communicable Disease Epidemiology (1993). Incidence of Gonorrhea and Syphilis, 1986-93 and Chlamydia, 1991-93. Original Analysis cited in Report on the Health Of Canadians: Technical Appendix (1996).

318. Health Promotion Survey (1990). Original Analysis, cited in Report on the Health Of Canadians: Technical Appendix, Health Canada (1996).

85. Heller, K. and Swindle, R. W. (1983). Social Networks, Perceived Social Support, and Coping With Stress, in R. D. Felner ed. Preventive Psychology. Willowdale, ON: Permagon Press.

331. Herrenkohl, R. and Egolf, B. (1997). Preschool Antecendents of Adolescent Assaultive Behaviour: A Longitudinal Study. American Journal of Psychiatry 67: 422-32.

86. Herrera Hamerlick, R., Hirsch, J., Erickson, R., Bloomberg, L. and Seppanen, P. (1996). Minneapolis: Center For Applied Research and Educational Improvement, University of Minnesota.

87. Hertzman, C. (1994). Child Development and Long-term Outcomes: A Population Health Perspective and summary of Successful Interventions. Toronto: Canadian Institute for Advanced Research.

88. Hertzman, C. (1994). The Lifelong Impact of Childhood Experiences: A Population Health Perspective. Toronto: Canadian Institute for Advanced Research.

89. Hertzman, C. (1994). A Source Document of Longitudinal Research and Specific Intervention Programs Outside of Canada. Toronto: Canadian Institute for Advanced Research.

90. Hertzman, C., Frank, J. and Evans, R. (1990). Heterogeneities in Health Status. CIAR internal document no.3c. Toronto: Canadian Institute for Advanced Research.

91. Hewlett, Sylvia A. (1991). When the Bough Breaks: The Cost of Neglecting Our Children. New York: Harper Perennial.

92. High Scope Educational Research Foundation. Inservice Teacher-Training is the Key to High-Quality Early Childhood Programs: High/Scope Study Shows That Systematic Inservice Teacher-Training Improves the Quality of Early Childhood Programs and Promotes Children's' Development. Ypsilanti: High Scope Educational Research Foundation.

258. Hinshaw, S. (1992). Externalizing Behaviour Problems and Academic Underachievement in Childhood and Adolescence: Casual Relationships and Underlying Mechanisms. Psychological Bulletin, 111:127-55.

341. Hoffman, John (2001). Involved Fathers: A guide for today's dad. Produced by the Father Involvement Initiative, Ontario Network. Carelton Place, Ontario.

297. Human Resources Development Canada (1995). Youth Face Tough Times. Available: http://hrdc-drhc.gc.ca/

93. Human Resources Development Canada & Statistics Canada. (1996). Growing up in Canada: National Longitudinal survey of Children and Youth. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

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94. IMPrint. (1994). Volume 10, Fall.

95. IMPrint. (1996). Volume 15, Spring.

348. Invest In Kids Foundation. (1999). The Parent Poll: A national survey of parents of children under six. Available: www.investinkids.ca

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96. Jacobson, F. W., and Frye, K. F. (1991). Effect of maternal social support on attachment: Experimental evidence. Child Development 62: 572-82.

97. Jones, M.B., and Offord, D.R. (1989). Reduction of Antisocial Behavior in Poor Children by Nonschool Skill Development. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines. 30: 737-750.

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236. Kagan, S. L. and Weissbourd, B. eds. (1994). Putting Families First: America’s Family Support Movement and the Challenge of Change. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

253. Kalnins, I. (1991).

98. Karen, Robert. (1990). Becoming Attached. The Atlantic Monthly. February. p. 35 - 69.

99. Keating, D. P. 1992. Developmental Determinants of Health and Well-being in Children and Youth. Working paper prepared for the Premier's Council on Health, Well-being and Social Justice. Toronto.

276. Keating, D., Mustard, F. (1993). Socioeconomic Factors and Human Development in Family Security in Insecure Times. Edited by the National Forum on Family Security. Ottawa: Canadian Council on Social Development.

100. Keating, D. P. (1996). Families, schools and communities: social resources for a learning society, in D. Ross ed. Family security in insecure times: New Foundations (Vol. 2. Perspectives/vol. 3. Building a new consensus) Ottawa: Canadian Council on Social Development.

262. King, A., Beazley, W., Warren, W. et al. (1988). Canada Youth and AIDS Study. Kingston, ON: Social Program Evaluation Group, Queen’s University.

246. King, A. and Coles, B. (1992). The Health of Canada’s Youth. Ottawa: Health and Welfare Canada, 1992.

101. Kolb, Bryan. (1995). Brain Plasticity and Behavior. Mahwah (NJ): Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

298. Krahn, H. (1996). School-Work Transitions: Changing Patterns and Research Needs. Paper prepared for Human Resources Development Canada.

102. Kramer, M. S. (1987). Determinants of low birthweight: methodological assessment and meta-analysis. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 65: 663-737.

103. Kyle, I. J. (1994). Canadian Approaches to Family Support. Ottawa: The Canadian Association of Family Resource Programs.

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104. Labonte, R. (199?). Health Promotion and Empowerment: Practice Frameworks. Toronto: ParticiPACTION.

282. Lach, J. (1997). A Bundle of Emotions. Newsweek — Special Issue. Spring-Summer, 1997: 78-79.

281. Lach, J. (1997). Cultivating the Mind. Newsweek — Special Issue. Spring-Summer, 1997: 38 - 39.

280. Lach, J. (1997). Building Healthy Habits. Newsweek — Special Issue. Spring-Summer, 1997: 58-59.

237. Ladd, G. W. (1990). Having Friends, Keeping Friends, and Being Liked by Peers in the Classroom: Predictors of Children’s Early School Adjustment? Child Development. 61(4): 1081-1100.

238. Ladd, G. W. and Price, J. M. (1987). Predicting Children’s Social and School Adjustment Following the Transition from Preschool to Kindergarten. Child Development. 58(5): 1168-1189.

105. Landy, S., et al. (1994). Evaluation of "Staying on Track" An early identification, tracking, intervention referral system for infants, young children and families. IMPrint 9: 18-9.

106. Landy, Sarah and Tam, Kwok Kwan. 1996. Yes, Parenting Does Make a Difference to the Development of Children in Canada. in Human Resources Development Canada and Statistics Canada. National Longitudinal survey of Children and Youth (Canada). Ottawa: Minister of Industry.

107. Larner, M., Halpern, R. and Harkavy, O. (1992) Fair Start For Children: lessons learned from seven demonstration projects. Yale University.

108. Leffert, Nancy, et al. Making the Case: Measuring the Impact of Youth Development Programs.

109. Lewitt, E. M. and Baker, L. S. (1995). Child Indicators: School Readiness. The Future of Children: Low Birth Weight. 5(2) Available: http://www.futureofchildren.org.

110. Lipman, E. L. and Offord, D. (1997). Psychosocial Morbidity Among Poor Children in Ontario. Toronto: Canadian Institute for Advanced Research.

296. Looker, E., Lowe, G. (1996). Preparation for the World of Work: Research and Policy Implications. In B. Galaway and J. Hudson eds. Youth in Transition: Perspectives on Research and Policy. Toronto: Thompson Educational Publishing.

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